A brief introduction to the Problem of Evil

In this period of research regarding different Christian apologetics topics I would like to address in the proximate future articles the “problem of evil” by presenting the works of two philosophers: Alvin Plantinga and Peter van Inwagen. In particular, I will be drawing insights from Plantinga’s book “God, Freedom and Evil” and Peter van Inwagen’s…

The Neo-Platonic Proof for the Existence of God – part 1

In this article, we want to present in an accessible way the proof for the existence of God formulated by philosopher Ed Feser in his new book “Five proofs for the existence of God”. We¬†will briefly show that a composite reality has to find its conditions of existence in an ultimate non-composite reality. In “part…

Answering Adolf Grunbaum’s criticism of the Leibnizian Cosmological argument

Adolf Grunbaum is a philosopher of science who criticized several theistic arguments for God’s existence. In his academic article “A New Critique of Theological Interpretation of Physical Cosmology” he criticizes both the Leibnizian and the Kalam argument. The Kalam cosmological arguments and the Leibnizian arguments are two argument for the existence of God which philosopher…

How to Evaluate the Best Explanation

Philosopher C. Behan McCullagh provides the following approach to evaluate and compare multiple competing explanations that try to account for a given set of facts. This method will turn out to be crucial in evaluating what explanation accounts best for the minimal historical facts pertaining Jesus’ resurrection. At page 19 of the book “Justifying Historical…

How Is a Fact Deemed Historical

In our previous article “Introducing the Structure of the Historical Argument for the Resurrection of Jesus” we briefly saw the minimal facts from which historians start to discuss what happened to Jesus after his death and how these same historians try to provide viable explanations in light of these facts. Lets now see what are…

Does Psychological Reductionism Prove Materialism and an Enumeration of Possible Materialistic Arguments

Quite some time ago I received the following question: “Does psychological reductionism prove materialism?”. The question is very confusing and, in my opinion, shows multiple misunderstandings on how certain premises lead to certain conclusions. Lets start by defining some terms. Materialism is defined as the claim that “only matter exists” (which I define as “absolute…